A prerequisite for the creation of television in Abkhazia were the political developments in the Republic 1977-1978,. Then a group of prominent public figures of the Abkhaz leadership of the country turned to a letter in which he expressed disagreement with the policies carried out by the Georgian leadership of absorption and dissolution of the Abkhaz people in Georgia's ethnic and cultural environment. At the direction of the CC plenum of the Party Regional Committee dissociated himself from the facts stated in the letter and condemned its authors. The indigenous population of the autonomous republic apprehended decisions of the plenum as a violation of the rights of the people, as an attempt to limit its national freedom and independence. In Abkhazia, a wave of rallies and demonstrations. In accordance with the political practice of those years in the atmosphere of silence acute social phenomena prices ¬ tral government emerging ethnic conflict have tried to shoot through the organizational and economic measures.
Massive unrest in the country have declined since the adoption of the CC CPSU, USSR Council of Ministers, the All Resolutions "On measures to further develop the economy and culture of the Abkhazian Autonomous Republic," which said, and on television, "¬ mittee to the State Council of Ministers of the USSR Radio and Television, Ministry of the communications industry and the Ministry of Communications of the USSR requested to provide a television organization in the Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, for which: a 3-month period to allocate a mobile TV station and other necessary equipment and apparatus for conducting TV programs in the country by the temporary scheme in 1978 to allocate equipment and equipment for fixed television station.
This decision and it became a reference point in the history of the Abkhazian television, that such a delay began to speak with the audience in their native language.
The first transfer of the Abkhaz TV aired November 6, 1976. Exactly at 19.00 appeared on television ¬ ka outposts overlooking the capital. "On this day in Sukhumi and Lyhny, Escher, and Cutolo, Tkvarcheli and Beybi in Gagra and Pitsunda Apsny all over with a blue screen for the first time pro sounded exciting bars known folk song, which became callsigns gear, and were born in the Abkhazian language word "Good evening, dear viewers Abkhazia!" In the evening hour and a half program ended the concert, which was attended by musical groups of the country.
In the history of formation and the formation of television in Abkhazia there are several periods.
First period - institutional. From June 1978 to November 6, 1978 - Preparing for the selection of creative and technical staff on a competitive basis, held on July 7, 1978, and work on the first pass. At this time, coordinated activities with the activity of television broadcasting, print media, there was a formation of media to include in its composition and television.
The second period is limited timeframe from late 1978 to April 1985, when there was a process of formation and self-Abkhazian television journalism as an influential media. Television in the designated period, sought to encourage the social processes and shape them according to their own intentions.
The beginning of the third period was the mid-1985. He characterized the process of updating the organizational and programmatic activities, as well as search forms and methods to strengthen the connection with the viewer.
Further, since 1989, when clashes broke out in Abkhazia in the national and political grounds, the quality varies telepublitsistiki. She begins to take on the nature of anticipatory reflection, the first attempts to understand the new phenomenon, the situation preceding the science and art. By focusing public attention on the key issues of time, using specific evidence, it contributes to the rapid formation of the respective situations of public opinion and take proper decisions at various levels.
It was a natural stage in the restructuring, when the foreground the personality commentator, reporter, columnist, to express their own opinion. The appearance of such transmission was going through an increase in broadcasting is not at the expense of the information block. He also changed, and the genre was thematically diverse, more relevant and more quickly. In the news, read by an announcer, combined with kinosyuzhetami (notes, reports, reportage), Photos, performance, inter ¬ View, comment. Television has sought to include as much footage that was not always possible due to the absence ¬ interaction necessary technical means.
Slowly release the information structure is formed, which included:
I) news of the political life of the republic and the country;
2) economic news;
3) communications and information agencies on events abroad, with oral commentary browser;
4) cultural news;
5) The Sporting News;
Experience Abkhazian television shows that the transfer of operational information is shared with other media work of the republic, "and, together with a number of newspaper and radio in the common system of journalism.
In the 80 years of studio sets Abkhaz creative contacts with foreign broadcasting companies. If the earlier life of the republic itself was covered by Western journalists, who came here on a business trip, in April 1982 was first carried out a joint transmission. She was a half-hour teleconference "Lyhny - Tokyo" on the issue of gerontology. He was included in the "Big Japanese news" broadcaster "Asahi." In 1986, the crew has been included in the delegation of the Republic, to participate in the "days of culture of Abkhazia" in the GDR.
Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Abkhazian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on September 10, 1991 the State Committee for Television and Radio of the Abkhaz ASSR was renamed to the Abkhaz State Television and Radio Company.